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Southern Cattail

Typha domingensis

photo © by Michael Plagens

Observed growing along Black Canyon Creek near Bumble Bee, Yavapai Co., Arizona. April 2008.

PERENNIAL: Tall herbaceous perennial of wet or marshy soils reaching two meters in height.

FLOWERS: Numerous flowers on densly packed spikes. The staminate (male) flowers are at top of spike separated from the pistallate (female) flowers below.

LEAVES: Leaves are narrow, strap-like blades a meter or more in length ca. 1 cm wide. In cross section bottom edge is convex.

RANGE: Where fresh water is more-or-less permanent, at least within a few cm's of the surface, cattails soon become established. Riparian streams and near city/agricultural water supplies.

FRUIT: Numerous dry, minute seeds with hairs that promote wind dispersal.


Typhaceae -- Cattail Family

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Copyright Michael J. Plagens, 1999-2009