Sonoran Desert Naturalist >>> Field Guide >>> Coleoptera - Beetles >>> Casebearer Leaf Beetle

Casebearer Leaf Beetle

Cryptocephalus atrofasciatus

 

Photo © by Mike Plagens

This beetle was photographed while on leaves of Goodding's Willow (Salix gooddingii). Another identicle specimen nearby was feeding on leaves of Wright's Buckwheat (Eriogonum wrightii). Location was Cave Creek, Maricopa Co., Arizona on 30 Sept. 2008.

Chrysomelidae -- Leaf Beetle Family

Casebearers get their name from the immature grub stage which builds a hardened case made from fecal material. The soft-bodied grub is protected inside from desiccation and is camouflaged from predators by appearing as something quite inedible. Predaceous ants also seem repelled by the case material. Each species of casebearer tends to specialize on one or a few plant species. However, because the larval stage is obscure and hard to find entomologists may have difficulty in difinitavly linking beetle and host plant.

There are many species of casebearer leaf beetles found in the Sonoran Desert - most are attractively colored with intricate patterns on a shiny exoskelleton. From above the head is nearly concealed by the pronotum - the latin name, Cryptocephalus, means ‘hidden head’. They are most apparent as adults in the spring and again during the summer rainy season. Numbers vary greatly from year to year depending on rainfall. Most species are a few millimeters in length.

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Copyright Michael J. Plagens, 1999-2008