Sonoran Desert Naturalist >>> Field Guide >>> Coleoptera - Beetles >>> Orange Blister Beetle

Orange Beetle

Nemognatha

 
Photo © by Marc Borom

Orange blister beetles (several species) are very common on spring flowers. They feed there on pollen and petals. This one is on an inforescence of Lacy Tansy Aster (Machaeranthera pinnatifida) and was observed in the Estrella Mountain Wilderness, Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA on 29 March 2009.

Meloidae -- Blister Beetle Family

Nemognatha adults are frequently observed on the flowering heads of composite flowers in the Sonoran Desert in spring. They feed on pollen, nectar and flower petals to suplement the nutrition they consumed as larvae. The first larval stage of blister beetles is called a triungulin. It is minute and mobile on short legs. Adult blister beetles lay enormous numbers of eggs and the resulting triungulins search the soil and crevices for nesting bees. There they enter a bee's brood chamber and latch onto a developing bee grub. The triungulin thus parasitizes the bee grub which eventually dies and blister beetle larva developes into a pupa and later emerges as a new blister beetle.

Like other blister beetles, Nemognatha carry cantharidin toxins that can interfer with the vertibrate nervous system. The conspicuous orange coloring is an aposemtic warning to insectivores. In case you were wondering, these insects are not for eating.

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Copyright Michael J. Plagens, 1999-2009