Point-leaf Manzanita

Arctostaphylos pungens

Point-leaf Manzanita, Arctostaphylos pungens, © by Michael Plagens

Adjacent to upper Sycamore Creek, Mazatzal Mts., Maricopa Co., Arizona, USA. September 2013.

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Arctostaphylos flower with hole cut into side

Ripe fruit observed in Florida Canyon, Sta. Rita Mts., Arizona. July 30, 2013.

SHRUB: Evergreen shrub up to 3 m tall. Woody branches with smooth red bark.

FLOWERS: Groups of pendulous, urn-shaped flowers are white or pale pink.

LEAVES: Leaves are simple, smooth-margined, alternate. Young leaves covered with short hairs that get rubbed off with age.

RANGE: Distributed mostly in chaparral and piñon-juniper habitats but also on drier soils within sycamore woodlands.

FRUIT: Spherical, orange-red berries with several seeds.

UNARMED. However, the intricate branches are very stiff and readily repel penetration.

Ericaceae -- Heather Family

Arctostaphylos flower with hole cut into side

This flower has a neat little hole cut into the side of the urn-shaped corolla. A bee made it to get at the nectar in the base. The tongue-like mouthparts of many bees are simply not long enough to reach into the open top. By robbing the nectar this way the bees are bypassing the pollination mechanism.

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Manzanita Aphid Leaf Gall

Manzanita Gall Aphid

Bright red galls on leaves of Manzanita contain aphids in the genus Tamalia. More ...

Arizona Naturalist
Sycamore Canyons
The Flora of Arizona's Sycamore Canyons


Copyright Michael J. Plagens, page created 20 February 2014,
updated 18 Jan. 2015