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Watercolor created from a live specimen of Ocotillo, Fouquieria splendens, observed at Ninety-six Hills near Florence, Arizona, USA on 19 April 1993.
SHRUB: The unique and splendid form of the ocotillo is nearly as
characteristic to the Sonoran Desert as is the Saguaro Cactus. A dozen or more
arching spires, 3 to 5 meters long,
spring upward from a basal crown, inspiration for another common name: The
The arrival of White-winged Doves in the Sonoran Desert at the end of April coincides with the ripening of ocotillo seeds as well as the first really hot weather. These large birds alight on an ocotillo branch at the apex of its arch, then gently saddle out towards the limber and ever-slumping tip where the ripening seeds can be plucked from their capsules. Harris Antelope Squirrels, which are really ground squirrels ill adept at climbing, also ascend ocotillo spires to reach the same seeds. For both animals remaining perched on the branch becomes increasingly difficult as it wobbles about - each movement is amplified and the animal's attempts to extract the seeds scatter many of them into the wind. This interaction with seed predators over evolutionary time may partially explain the unique architecture of the Ocotillo.
Costa's Hummingbirds also hold a close relationship with the ocotillo. The flowers are an important source of nectar which the hummingbirds pollinate. Lacewings may put their eggs on the ocotillo and the resulting larvae are voracious predators of caterpillars, insect eggs, and other soft bodied bugs.
Fouquieriaceae -- Ocotillo Family
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